New Theatres marked the entry of among the best skills within the historical past of Indian cinema.
There was a time when the Indian movie trade was sustained by the studio system which was very profitable within the completely different cities of India. One of many pillars of this method was born in Kolkata on 10th February 1931. Motto of this firm was– Jivatang Jyotiretu Chhayam (Gentle infusing shadows with life). New Theatres marked the entry of among the best skills within the historical past of Indian cinema. From Prithviraj Kapoor to Bimal Roy, from Pankaj Mullick to Kanan Devi, from Pramathesh Barua, Hem Chandra, Kartick Chatterjee to Phani Majumdar, Debaki Kumar Bose and Nitin Bose, all of them made their entry into cinema by New Theatres. Music, all the time a powerful level with New Theatres, reached a excessive diploma of excellence due to the aesthetic mix of composers, singers and lyricists. Together with composers like R.C. Boral, Pankaj Mullick and Timir Baran, there have been singing stars like Kanan Devi, Ok.L.Saigal, Pahari Sanyal and Asit Baran. New Theatres additionally claims the credit score for introducing the expertise of playback songs in cinema by Bhagya Chakra in 1935. The New Theatres emblem got here to be thought to be the hallmark of high quality, and the elephant is fondly remembered even in the present day.
B. N. Sircar who based the studio and taken care of its actions with out interfering with the administrators, who labored there, was the second son of Sir N.N. Sircar, Advocate Common of undivided Bengal and a member of the Viceroy’s council. After getting a level in civil engineering from London College, Sircar returned with desires of establishing his personal enterprise in civil development. In the future, he occurred to probability upon a protracted queue exterior Crown theatre within the southern elements of Calcutta, which now has a special title. Intrigued by the lengthy queue, he stopped to ask what these individuals have been ready for. They have been ready to purchase tickets for the movie being screened within the theatre, he was advised. He was amazed on the prospect of this enterprise the place individuals have been keen to shell out cash with out seeing the standard of the product and even figuring out how helpful it might be for them. That sowed the seeds of stepping into movie manufacturing. New Theatres was born spanning a big tract of land off Tollygunje, within the southern extremes of Calcutta. Through the years, it had a beautiful backyard stuffed with mango timber, flowers and a “Gol Ghar” within the centre. .Sircar recognized himself with one of the best in Indian cinema from its ‘silent’ days proper by the 40s and fifties.
Late filmmaker Arabindu Mukherjee who handed away some years in the past, labored as assistant director at New Theatres from 1947 to 1958. He as soon as mentioned, “Gol Ghar has an fascinating historical past. The story goes that Sir constructed it in a single day when Rabindranath Tagore was anticipated to return to the studios for the taking pictures of his solely directorial movie, Natir Pooja, in 1931. He knew that Tagore would discover the studio flooring too scorching to deal with, so he created this cool nook for the poet laureate which later turned his personal little island of sunshine. The Gol Ghar has performed host to among the best figures in Indian historical past. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, Rabindranath Tagore, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Shyamaprasad Mukherjee and Sarat Chandra are only a few names whose footprints have graced the earth that homes New Theatres. From worldwide cinema, personalities like Frank Capra, Jean Renoir and Pudovkin graced the studio with their presence. Sircar additionally constructed a theatre known as Chitra (now known as Mitra) as an outlet for movies produced by New Theatres.”
Animator Jayanti Sen informs us that New Theatres made India’s first animation movie known as The Pea Brothers. Directed by Gunomoy Banerjee, it was launched at Chitra talkies on June 23, 1936. Although Filmland, a famous movie journal of the time, heaped praises on the movie, it turned out to be a industrial flop. A tragic Gunomoy Banerjee went again to creating movies with actual individuals. New Theatres did go on to provide one other animation movie in 1951 known as Michke Potash. Bhaktaram Mitra directed the movie.
Sircar didn’t wish to be performer or director. His pleasure was to offer a very good director the finances he wanted, and let him go forward with out interference. He gathered round him one of the best skills of his time, representing the manifold points of filmmaking – route, music, performing, pictures, sound recording, and many others. Watching the credit score titles of a New Theatres movie, one is struck by the names. Administrators like Pramathesh Barua, Debaki Bose, Nitin Bose, Madhu Bose, Hemchandra Chunder, Phani Majumdar, Kartick Chatterjee and Bimal Roy, all of who went on to turn into nationally recognised skills in their very own respective fields.
The distinctive promoting level of a New Theatres manufacturing was –(a) a strong storyline, ideally picked from Bengali literature, (b) lilting songs and background music, (c) sound method, and (d) good performing. Sircar by no means interfered with the movie whereas it was below manufacturing. After every movie was full, he would watch it at a morning screening at New Cinema in Calcutta. Among the many 150 movies below the New Theatres banner made in a number of languages over a span of 24 years (1931-1955), it might be troublesome to sift the wheat from the chaff and say – these are one of the best. From Physician (1940) to Pratisruti (1941) to Udayer Pathey (1944) to Anjan Garh (1948), from Puran Bhakt (Hindi – 1933) to Vidyapati (Hindi-1938) to Devdas(Bengali – 1935) to Mukti (1937), each New Theatres movie defines a definite id for itself, remembered for various causes to this present day.
Sircar received the Dadasaheb Phalke Award quickly after it was instituted. He additionally received the Padma Bhushan for his wealthy contribution to Indian cinema. When one watches a New Theatres movie in the present day, one is struck by the standard of timelessness it has, by way of story, therapy, performing, and many others. as a result of nothing, besides the standard of the movie print and its sound observe, seem like dated. Mukti is proof of this rivalry.
. The Partition of India in 1947 in a single day took away a big a part of the market in what’s now Bangladesh and Pakistan. Added to this have been the communal riots between 1946 and 1947 that affected revenues in a giant manner and the elephant on the emblem was compelled to turn into silent after the final manufacturing Bakul in 1955. It waved out its trunk and hooted as soon as once more with its new function movie Aadur Prem primarily based on a love story between a Hindu woman and a Muslim boy a narrative by Swapnamoy Chakraborty. Somnath Gupta, directed Aadur Prem. This occurred in 2011 and the movie additionally bagged a nationwide award. However the elephant turned silent yet again.
B.N.Sircar (1901-1980) recognized with one of the best in Indian cinema from its ‘silent’ days proper by the 40s and fifties. To the older technology of Bengalis, New Theatres is an establishment like Rabindranath Tagore, the title they have been acquainted from childhood. Just like the roaring lion of the Metro Goldwyn Mayer Ltd., the elephant on the New Theatres emblem got here to be thought to be the hallmark of high quality.