Rajesh Jayaseelan with his two young sonsPicture copyright
Mary Jayaseelan

The final time Mary Jayaseelan spoke to her husband Rajesh, he was about to be hooked as much as a ventilator in a Covid ward.

Rajesh was being handled in Northwick Park Hospital in London, the town the place he labored as an Uber driver for many of the 12 months. Mary was 5,000 miles away of their household dwelling in Bangalore, India, with their two younger sons. Till that time he had repeatedly informed her he can be effective, that he was feeling sick however she was to not fear, he’d get higher – at 44 years outdated, he was younger and in any other case wholesome.

However on that decision, he broke down and admitted: “Mary, I am feeling a bit scared.”

Rajesh Jayaseelan died the next day.

Rajesh and Mary received married on 24 February 2014, and rented a house in Hulimavu, south Bangalore, that they shared along with his 66-year-old mum. For many of the 12 months, Rajesh rented a room in Harrow, north London and drove an Uber car within the metropolis. He’d work from late within the night to the early hours of the morning – the busy hours – so he may save sufficient cash to spend a number of months along with his household in India.

He loved working as a driver, though he did not realise that his precarious gig financial system job would go away him susceptible within the international well being disaster that might later emerge.

“He’d been residing in London on-and-off for 22 years, and would come again to India for a number of months at a time,” Mary says. “He beloved London. He at all times used to speak to me about how lovely London was, and so clear. I’ve by no means been to London, so he would describe it to me.”

They have been very completely happy. Rajesh beloved his spouse, and taking part in with their two sons, aged six and 4. When he wasn’t in India he would video-call them on daily basis.

“He was additionally a very good singer,” Mary says, stuffed with delight. “He sang a variety of Hindi songs.”

He was additionally a “humble, mild particular person” his shut good friend Sunil Kumar provides. Sunil and Rajesh first met in 2011 – they have been each from Bangalore, so mutual mates there put them in contact when Sunil moved to the UK. They’d assist one another navigate the UK’s numerous bureaucratic programs, loaned one another small quantities of cash when wanted, and Sunil and his spouse would have Rajesh over for meals at their dwelling in Hertfordshire – sending him again with a number of days’ price of leftovers of scrumptious South Indian meals.

Though Rajesh beloved London, he did not plan to remain endlessly – he needed to be reunited along with his household in India. Renting their dwelling in Hulimavu was comparatively costly, so throughout his final keep in Bangalore on the finish of 2019, he and his spouse took out a mortgage and purchased land to construct their very own dwelling. The mortgage was no downside, they thought – Rajesh would return to London and put sufficient cash apart to pay it off. The subsequent time he travelled to Bangalore, he informed his spouse, it could be for good.

He got here again to London on 15 January. Lower than two weeks later, the primary instances of coronavirus have been reported within the UK.

Picture copyright
Mary Jayaseelan

Picture caption

Rajesh and Mary on their marriage ceremony day in February 2014

Though the virus had reached Britain, at this level Rajesh wasn’t too nervous. Outlets and eating places have been nonetheless open, folks have been nonetheless going into work after which going out. For everybody, together with Uber drivers, it was enterprise as standard, and never a lot modified for an additional month.

Then March got here round, and the virus was passing from individual to individual inside the UK. The variety of instances – and, by now, deaths – was rising on daily basis. Folks have been informed to self-isolate for seven days if they’d any signs – even gentle ones, similar to a fever or a persistent cough.

On 23 March, Prime Minister Boris Johnson introduced a nationwide lockdown lasting an preliminary three weeks, that means that the majority companies would shut, and other people would solely be allowed outdoors for one type of train a day and for important journeys to the outlets, except they have been thought-about “important” employees.

Like many Uber drivers, Rajesh continued to work at first, however he rapidly developed flu-like signs and needed to cease. His final job was on 25 March – a drop-off at Heathrow Airport.

His signs grew to become a lot worse, and he was admitted to the hospital with dehydration. Whereas there, he was examined for the coronavirus.

It got here again optimistic.

Employees informed Rajesh to go dwelling, self-isolate, and to return again if his signs received worse. He did as he was informed, and went dwelling to his room. However issues have been about to get even worse.

“The owner despatched Rajesh out of the home for one thing, and when he got here again the owner had modified the locks, so he could not get in,” Mary says. “He tried knocking on the door and asking the owner to talk to him, however he would not open the door.”

His landlord did not learn about his optimistic prognosis – however he informed him that, as an Uber driver, he would possibly carry the coronavirus again into the home, and that it wasn’t a threat he was keen to take.

With nowhere else to show, Rajesh was compelled to sleep in his automobile for a number of nights.

“He had no meals in there, nothing to eat in any respect,” Mary says.

At this level he referred to as his good friend Sunil for recommendation.

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Mary Jayaseelan

“That was the final name he made to me,” Sunil says. “He did not go into particulars about what was taking place to him, however as a result of I work within the NHS, he was asking me questions like ‘How secure are we’, ‘Is it higher to go to India’… issues like that. He was asking me if I knew any routes, if there was any attainable approach he may go – he needed to go to India and be along with his household. However by that point there was a whole lockdown in India too.”

Sunil informed him the very best factor to do can be to remain at dwelling, to not work, and to look into the monetary help for self-employed employees the federal government had simply introduced, or the 14 days’ help provided by Uber.

Rajesh agreed, and defined he wanted to discover a new place to dwell as a result of his landlord stated he was excessive threat. However, Sunil says, he did not say that he’d already been kicked out: “He could have been embarrassed.”

Rajesh then went again to making an attempt to name his landlord to plead with him to let him keep. There was no reply.

After days of looking, he ultimately discovered one other room in a shared home in Harrow. The brand new landlord made him pay £4,000 upfront – cash he did not have, and Mary says he needed to borrow.

What if this occurs to me?

In case your landlord kicks you out of your private home with out providing you with discover, or locks you out of your private home, it’s prone to be an unlawful eviction – a felony offence in all UK nations.

That is nonetheless the case throughout the coronavirus pandemic. Below the Coronavirus Act, discover durations for evictions have been prolonged to a few months.

“Because of this for many non-public and social tenants, even when they obtain an eviction discover they’re prone to have the authorized proper to remain of their dwelling,” Andy Parnell, helpline adviser for housing charity Shelter, tells the BBC.

However, he says, “sadly there are some teams not protected by the current adjustments to the evictions legislation, together with lodgers with live-in landlords”.

“Lodgers have fewer rights than non-public renters with live-out landlords and landlords need not go to courtroom to evict a lodger. However they’re required to supply affordable discover earlier than asking them to go away the property.”

Folks in Rajesh’s state of affairs ought to name the native council’s homelessness crew as quickly as attainable and all councils have an emergency out-of-hours quantity. If you do not have anyplace to sleep, it is best to go to the council’s workplace in particular person, bringing ID and any proof of immigration standing with you.

Earlier this month, Shelter additionally informed renters on this state of affairs to “keep put”.

As soon as Rajesh was again indoors, he did not wish to threat being evicted once more. He hid himself away and averted contact along with his new landlord and all the opposite tenants, not even daring to try to prepare dinner a meal for himself. His well being grew to become worse with each passing day. The one social interplay he had have been each day cellphone calls along with his spouse, the place he would alternate between reassuring her that he can be effective, and crying.

It was throughout one in all these calls that Mary observed he was struggling to breathe.

“He was wheezing loads in that room, and on daily basis it was getting worse,” she says. “One evening I informed him to go to the hospital. He did not wish to name an ambulance as a result of he did not need others there to know he was sick, in case he was evicted once more.”

Rajesh drove himself to the hospital, regardless of being severely out of breath. When he received there he was identified with pneumonia.

“The subsequent morning he referred to as me from the hospital for a video name – however when the kids noticed him they began crying due to how sick he was,” Mary says. “He turned off his video, and informed me he did not need them to recollect him trying so unwell.” They’d communicate just a few extra instances.

On 11 April, the docs caring for Rajesh referred to as Mary and defined that he was in a important state, they usually did not assume his situation would enhance. They organized a video name for her and the kids to see him one ultimate time; he was unconscious. He died two hours later.

Whereas “coronavirus would not discriminate” has been repeated typically throughout this pandemic, it’s evident that the virus is worse for some than others. One group hit significantly laborious are gig financial system employees.

The gig financial system is the place folks tackle short-term or freelance work as an alternative of everlasting jobs. These embrace private-hire cab drivers like Rajesh in addition to meals supply employees and couriers. Final 12 months about 4.7 million folks within the UK labored in gig financial system jobs whereas, in line with a 2018 examine, 60% of the worldwide inhabitants is in insecure work.

Analysis by the World Financial Discussion board and different our bodies exhibits these employees are disproportionately affected by the pandemic – a mix of being categorized as “important” employees, requiring them to proceed interacting with strangers; an absence of assured paid sick depart that makes it more durable to self-isolate; low and insecure pay, making it extra seemingly for them to be residing in harmful and insecure housing conditions; and no entitlement to threat assessments or protecting tools.

Ayako Ebata, from the Institute of Improvement Research, says as a result of folks in insecure work “closely depend on their each day wages”, they’re underneath a variety of stress to not lose their jobs or take break day, even when there are important well being dangers.

“It isn’t as a result of they’re ignorant or uninformed, it is as a result of the entire system is forcing them to make selections that ultimately show detrimental to their livelihoods and well being,” she says.

Picture copyright
Mary Jayaseelan

Dr Alex Wooden, a sociologist at Oxford College specializing in the gig financial system and insecure work, agrees – and says an absence of office safety makes the issue a lot worse.

“Folks have been informed by these platforms that they need not fear about [rights and protections] as a result of when the financial system’s effective, there is not actually any threat,” he says. “In actuality, when you may have these crises, it is the employees who pay – regardless of a lot of them now being categorized as ‘important’.”

Now, drivers within the UK are calling for higher safety from the federal government. United Personal Rent Drivers (UPHD), an unbiased commerce physique for private-hire drivers, has this week referred to as for an pressing judicial evaluation on the matter.

“What the federal government is saying now could be that it isn’t secure so that you can go to a barbershop, however it’s one way or the other secure so that you can trip round in an Uber,” James Farrar from the UPHD says.

Race is a threat issue, too. In keeping with a number of current research, BAME folks within the UK like Rajesh are disproportionately extra prone to be in insecure work than their white counterparts.

Analysis from the Commerce Union Congress (TUC) final 12 months discovered that ethnic minority employees are a 3rd extra prone to be in insecure work. A report launched final month by Carnegie UK Belief, UCL and Operation Black Vote additionally discovered that BAME millennials specifically have been 47% extra prone to be on “zero-hours” contracts – one other notoriously unstable type of work.

On the identical time, current research present that BAME folks within the UK are disproportionately extra prone to develop into critically sick and to die from coronavirus. Ethnic minority sufferers make up 34% of these in intensive care, regardless of making up solely 13% of the inhabitants.

Early analysis suggests that is right down to a mix of threat elements – an elevated incidence of high-risk underlying well being circumstances, similar to diabetes and hypertension, in addition to social elements and systemic inequality.

“Coronavirus is making a variety of the inequalities in our society that we had beforehand turned a blind eye to, very clear,” Dr Wooden says.

After studying that her son had died, Rajesh’s mom grew to become sick. She suffered hypertension and a spike in her blood sugar stage, and has been confined to her mattress. “She’s been inconsolable since,” Mary says.

Confronted with a mortgage for the home, upcoming medical payments and youngsters’s faculty charges, Mary is looking for work as a cleaner of their space however the lockdown is making it way more tough to get on high of their funds.

Sunil helps them with cash the place he can, and has arrange a web-based fundraiser for them. He is additionally trying into whether or not he can pursue authorized motion in opposition to Rajesh’s first landlord, and Mary’s family members in Bangalore have arrange a fundraiser for her in India. Uber additionally contacted the BBC to supply their condolences.

However greater than something, Mary is struggling to return to phrases with how rapidly all the pieces has modified for her household.

“Now that Rajesh is gone, our life has develop into very tough,” she says. “I do not know what we’ll do with out him.”

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