The qawwali from movies has a hallowed place within the historical past of the Hindi music business. A mystic custom greater than 700 hundred years previous, the qawwali gained prominence in Bollywood initially by way of 1950s Muslim social dramas and grew a lot in reputation that its influences grew to become mainstream–even persevering with to dwell on immediately. We current our record under of one of the best qawwalis of Bollywood movies.
However allow us to first outline what exactly is a qawwali? The nice Indian poet Amir Khusrau (d. 1326) is taken into account the founding father of the qawwali style, having composed songs for the primary time on this fashion to rejoice the dying of his non secular information Nizamuddin Aulia. The qawwali is the genuine Sufi non secular music that transports the mystic towards union with God. For hundreds of years, Sufi communities within the Indian subcontinent have sustained this musical custom within the mahfil-e-sama, or meeting for listening. The qawwali was a non secular expertise for each listener and performer: because the listener hopes for a non secular expertise of depth and immediacy to transcend his or her aware striving, the skilled performer seeks to current in music an enormous treasure of poetry that articulate and evoke a mystical expertise for the viewers.
The qawwali efficiency normally begins after the night and should final all night time till the morning prayers. The phrase qawwali means “phrases” worthy of remembrance, and as such the qawwali historically has a devotional facet in reward of God. Even most “secular” qawwalis present in in style Bollywood motion may be learn on this manner, though superficially the lyrics have one other literal which means. The harmonium has changed what was historically a sitar as musical accompaniment, however equally vital are the tabla and the signature qawwali cyclic hand clapping that enhance in velocity through the efficiency. The tarz or tune of the qawwali is generally recognized by the primary line of the textual content, which is commonly part of the chorus couplet. Though the qawwal was historically male, each women and men have loved and excelled at performing the trendy qawwali.
Not like in Hindustani classical music, whereas taal and raagaa utilization is similar, the qawwali locations a larger emphasis on the poetic textual content and the supply of its message than on musical ornamentation. In lots of its huge incarnations inside Bollywood, the qawwali grew to become synonymous with a musical debate, a verbal battle (typically between the sexes) to outwit the opposite facet on subjects that normally boil down to like or the ache of affection. That sort of display screen chemistry, as you possibly can think about, is prime Bollywood flirting territory simply ready to be sung.
Let’s check out how this style advanced in mainstream Bollywood into probably the most beloved musical genres of the business. Listed here are some highlights:
Humen To Loot Liya – Al Hilal (1958):
One of many first qawwalis to hit the silver display screen, no record is full with out this retro low-budget gem. The music is absolutely fairly easy, however extraordinarily catchy.
Yeh Ishq Ishq Hai – Barsaat Ki Raat (1960):
This qawwali is an Urdu-lover’s paradise. Stuffed with complicated phrases and allusions you’ll by no means use in actual life, “Yeh Ishq Ishq Hai” set the stage for stylish efficiency duels between women and men that’s nonetheless thought of the best Bollywood qawwali for its poetry (see our publish for a full English translation!)
Sharma Ke Yeh Kyo.N – Chaudhvin Ka Chand (1960):
A enjoyable twist on the standard qawwali, two ladies sing (Asha Bhonsle and Shamshad Begum) with the latter taking the masculine facet and the previous taking the female.
Teri Mehfil Mei.N Qismat – Mughal-e-Azam (1960):
Oh, does it get any higher than this? Each second of Mughal-e-Azam is a poetic dream and this briliant qawwali isn’t any much less. Shamshad Begum battles Lata Mangeshkar for the Prince’s approval of their tackle love, every lyric outwitting the final. See our translation with glossary for extra!
Nigahe.N Milane Ko – Dil Hello To Hai (1963):
Asha Bhonsle’s biggest contribution to this style, this qawwali has some lovely Urdu and possibly probably the most thrilling sargams you’ll discover in any of her songs. See our translation with glossary right here!
Tumhe Husn Dekhe – Jab Se Tumhe Dekha Hai (1963):
OK, so certain, this qawwali will not be notably memorable for its musical ingenuity (you might or could not cringe your entire manner), however how typically are you going to behold Shammi and Shashi Kapoor on display screen on the identical time?! This fascinating qawwali is value a watch if just for its star worth! Kudos to Geeta Bali for holding her personal!
Mehengai Maar Gayi – Roti Kapada Aur Makaan (1974):
This qawwali has a novel taste–taken from one among Manoj Kumar’s in style Indian propoganda movies, the lyrics carry an fascinating social message exterior the realms of romantic love.
Pardah Hai Pardah – Amar Akbar Anthony (1979):
A Mohammed Rafi gem, this qawwali ranks among the many better of one of the best. After watching Rishi Kapoor’s enthusiastic efficiency, you’d imagine he was born to be a qawwal. The music is a must-see for anybody within the style.
And simply to throw within the up to date, right here’s an image of me performing the qawwali eventually yr’s Harvard Ghungroo!
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