Srinagar, Aug 7: Jammu and Kashmir, which was princely border state and acceded to Union of India in 1947 after independence, witnessed Sadr-e-Riyasat in 1952 to Lt Governor in 2019, when centre divided the state into two Union Territories (UT) after abrogating Article 370 and Article 35 A.
For the reason that eruption of militancy in late 1989, Satya Pal Malik was the one politician who was appointed as Governor of the state in 2018 earlier than he was shifted after the state turned UT. All different Governors within the state have been retired Military, IPS and IAS officers. Nevertheless, Manoj Sinha turned the second politician to be the Lt Governor of the UT after he took oath of workplace right here on Friday. Each Malik and Sinha have been affiliated with BJP from Uttar Pradesh (UP).
Senior Congress chief and former Union minister Dr Karan Singh was the primary Sadr-e-Riyasat (President) of Jammu and Kashmir from November 17, 1952 to March 30, 1965, when Nationwide Convention (NC) founder Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah was Prime Minister. Nevertheless, Sheikh was dismissed and later jailed in 1953 and one other NC chief Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad turned Prime Minister.
After Bakshi was unseated in 1965 when majority MLAs left NC led by him and joined Congress. Later the then Congress authorities headed by G M Sadiq within the state modified the identify of Sadar-e-Riyasat and Prime Minister to Governor and Chief Minister respectively.
Nevertheless, Dr Singh was once more appointed as Ist Governor and Sadiq as first Chief Minister of the state in 1965.
Dr Singh was in workplace as Governor from March 30, 1965 to Could 15, 1967 adopted by Bhagwan Sahay from Could 15, 1967 to July 3,1973. Lakshmi Kant Jha was Governor from July 3, 1973 to February 22, 1981, Braj Kumar Nehru February 22, 1981 to April 26 1984, Jagmohan April 26, 1984 to July 1989.
Gen (Retd) Ok V Krishna Rao, was the primary particular person with Military background appointed as Governor from July 1989 to January 19 1990, simply six months earlier than he was once more changed by Jagmohan regardless of opposition by then Chief Minister Dr Farooq Abdullah. Jahmohan’s second time period from January 19, 1990 to Could 26, 1990 lasted in 5 months after huge killings and exodus of Kashmir pandits . He was changed by IPS officer who headed RAW Girish Chandra Sexana from Could 26, 1990 to March 12, 1993 when militancy within the valley was at its peak.
Once more Ok V Krishna Rao was appointed as Governor from March 12 , 1993 to Could 2, 1998. It was through the second tenure that militancy was managed to some extent and first Meeting elections have been held within the state in 1996, when NC, promising restoration of higher autonomy, obtained absolute majority.
G C Sexana (IPS) was once more appointed Governor for the second time period from Could 2, 1998 to June 4, 2003. He was changed by Lt Basic (Retd) Srinivas Kumar Sinha from June 4, 2003 to June 25, 2008.
One other IAS officer Narinder Nath Vohra was Governor of the state from June 25, 2008 to August 23, 2018.
BJP chief from Uttar Pradesh (UP), first politician Satya Pal Malik was appointed Governor from August 23, 2018 to October 30, 2019. It was throughout his time period underneath Governor rule centre scrapped Article 370, 35 A and divided the state into two Union Territories (UTs)—Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.
After the downgrading the state into UT, G C Murmu, a Gujrat cadre IAS officer, turned the primary Lt Governor of J&Ok in October final yr. Nevertheless, he was requested to resign on August 5, when BJP have been celebrating abrogation of particular standing and opposition as black day.
Manoj Sinha took oath of workplace as second LG of the UT at Raj Bhavan on Friday afternoon.