Objective decide suicide danger

The SAD PERSONS scale is an acronym utilized as a
mnemonic gadget. It was first developed as a medical evaluation instrument for medical professionals to find out suicide danger, by Patterson et al.[1] The Tailored-SAD PERSONS Scale was developed by Gerald A. Juhnke to be used with youngsters in 1996.

Current research have discovered though the dimensions has specificity, its sensitivity is so low it’s of no medical worth;[2][3] furthermore it might really be clinically dangerous.[4] This measure has additionally been criticized for being an index of danger elements that is probably not relevant to people, and that suicide danger be assessed with extra legitimate measures of the person’s present danger stage.[5]


The rating is calculated from ten sure/no questions, with one level for every affirmative reply:

  • S: Male intercourse
  • A: Age (<19 or >45 years)
  • D: Despair
  • P: Earlier try
  • E: Extra alcohol or substance use
  • R: Rational pondering loss
  • S: Social helps missing
  • O: Organized plan
  • N: No partner
  • S: Illness

This rating is then mapped onto a danger evaluation scale as follows:

  • 0–4: Low
  • 5–6: Medium
  • 7–10: Excessive

Modified SAD PERSONS Scale[edit]

The rating is calculated from ten sure/no questions, with factors given for every affirmative reply as follows:[6]

  • S: Male intercourse → 1
  • A: Age 15-25 or 59+ years → 1
  • D: Despair or hopelessness → 2
  • P: Earlier suicidal makes an attempt or psychiatric care → 1
  • E: Extreme ethanol or drug use → 1
  • R: Rational pondering loss (psychotic or natural sickness) → 2
  • S: Single, widowed or divorced → 1
  • O: Organized or critical try → 2
  • N: No social assist → 1
  • S: Acknowledged future intent (decided to repeat or ambivalent) → 2

This rating is then mapped onto a danger evaluation scale as follows:

  • 0–5: Could also be protected to discharge (relying upon circumstances)
  • 6-8: Most likely requires psychiatric session
  • >8: Most likely requires hospital admission

See additionally[edit]


  1. ^ Patterson, WM; Dohn, HH; Chicken, J; Patterson, GA (April 1983). “Analysis of suicidal sufferers: the SAD PERSONS scale”. Psychosomatics. 24 (4): 343–5, 348–9. doi:10.1016/S0033-3182(83)73213-5. PMID 6867245.
  2. ^ Bolton, James M.; Spiwak, Rae; Sareen, Jitender (15 June 2012). “Predicting Suicide Makes an attempt With the SAD PERSONS Scale”. The Journal of Medical Psychiatry. 73 (6): e735–e741. doi:10.4088/JCP.11m07362. PMID 22795212.
  3. ^ Saunders, Okay.; Model, F.; Lascelles, Okay.; Hawton, Okay. (29 July 2013). “The unhappy fact in regards to the SADPERSONS Scale: an analysis of its medical utility in self-harm sufferers”. Emergency Drugs Journal. 31 (10): 796–798. doi:10.1136/emermed-2013-202781. PMID 23896589.
  4. ^ M. Birnbaumer, Diane. “A Unhappy Efficiency by the SADPERSONS Scale”. NEJM Journal Watch. Massachusetts Medical Society. Retrieved Eight August 2013.
  5. ^ Harris, Okay. M.; Syu, J.-J.; Lello, O. D.; Chew, Y. L. E.; Willcox, C. H.; Ho, R. H. M.; Tran, U. S. (2015). “The ABC’s of Suicide Danger Evaluation: Making use of a Tripartite Method to Particular person Evaluations”. PLOS ONE. 10 (6): e0127442. Bibcode:2015PLoSO..1027442H. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0127442. PMC 4452484. PMID 26030590.
  6. ^ Oxford Handbook of Emergency Drugs. Third Version. Web page 609.

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