Right this moment when Manoj Kumar is in semi-retirement it’s straightforward to miss his monumental contribution to industrial Hindi cinema. From the time he turned director formally with Upkar in 1967(he had earlier ghost-directed the patriotic Shaheed) Manoj Kumar emblazoned the silver display screen with star-studded epic-sized mega-musicals. Purab Aur Pachchim in 1970, Shor in 1972 have been adopted by Roti Kapada Aur Makaan (RKAM) in 1974.
A star-spangled melodrama about love, betrayal and unemployment RKAM noticed Manoj return to the position of the Each-man Bharat, the conscience of the nation pricked by the rising corruption in our society and by the lack of the widespread man to deal with the pressures of compromised residing.
Whereas Upkar was impressed by Lal Bahadur Shastri’s slogan Jai jawan jai kisan RKAM discovered its inspiration in Indira Gandhi’s Garabi hatao slogan. Therefore in a sequence simmering with indignant drama Manoj Kumar, enjoying Bharat, burnt his college diploma in his father’s funeral pyre.
The pronounced political undercurrents of the drama however, RKAM is at coronary heart a love triangle the place the jobless hero Bharat(Manoj Kumar) is ditched by his formidable girlfriend Sheetal (Zeenat Aman) who chooses to marry the wealthy industrialist Mohan Babu (Shashi Kapoor) as a substitute.
The narration steeped in symbolism made excellent use of Laxmikant-Pyarelal’s music specifically Essential na bhoolunga which recurs with ironic reverberations to remind the guilt-stricken gold-digger of a heroine of her betrayal.
Though Manoj Kumar denies it, the love triangle in RKAM is strongly paying homage to Guru Dutt’s Pyasa the place the poet was deserted by his fiancée for a wealthy catch. The prostitute Gulabo(Waheeda Rehman) smoothened the delicate poet’s wounded coronary heart. In RKAM it’s the pure-hearted Tulsi(Moushumi Chatterjee) who supplies hope for Bharat’s shattered coronary heart.
38 years after it was launched RKAM continues to exude the scent of topicality. The difficulty of unemployment continues to hang-out our social infrastructure. Manoj Kumar laced his sloganeering theme with devilish dollops of leisure. Zeenat Aman bursting into her bottom-wriggling Hai hai yeh majboori in Lata Mangeshkar’s seductive voice stays a central attraction, as does the anti-inflation anthem Mehngai maar gayi.
The combination of socio-cultural considerations with a spectral melodramatic plot by no means defeated the narration’s goal of retaining audiences concerned until the dying moments of the film the place Zeenat’s Sheetal should hand over her life to redeem herself.
Vastly underrated on the time of its launch what comes throughout to this present day is the writer-director-actor’s real concern for the collapse of the Nice Indian Dream His cinema invariably lamented the disillusionment of Indians after the Partition. From the farmer in Upkar to the working-class father in Shor Manoj Kumar epitomized the dissolution of the Nehruvian dream. In RKAM Kumar instilled a ruggedness and virility into the storytelling.Whether or not in displaying Bharat’s sibling Vijay(Amitabh Bachchan)’s repressed anger at social injustice erupting right into a decisive confrontation together with his brother Bharat,or in the best way the hapless Tulsi(Moushumi) is raped in a grocer’s backroom swathed in flour(a sequence that was roundly condemned as being voyeuristic and titillating on the time of launch), Manoj Kumar’s inventive aggression manifests itself in passionate photos of drama and redemption performed at an extremely excessive decibel.
Manoj Kumar had a penchant for rising the quantity of drama with out letting his characters topple over with the sheer weight imposed on the plot. There are vividly etched cameos by every person. Premnath who had earlier immortalized himself because the altruistic Khan Badshah in Manoj Kumar’s Shor returned in RKAM because the sword-wielding Sardar Harnam Singh. Amidst this rush-hour of high-maintenance characters it’s straightforward to miss the superb Aruna Irani as a wry self-deprecating mistress of a sleazy businessman. Aruna’s Panditji mere marne ke baad bas itna kasht utha lena mere mooh mein gangaajal ki jegah thodi madira tapkda dene defines the marginal individuals in Manoj Kumar’s cinema who haven’t any alternative however to chuckle at what future has chosen to do with their lives.
When Zeenat’s character Sheetal resolves to marry cash Manoj goes on tv to sing Aur nahin bas aur nahin gham ke pyale aur nahin…The second is so wealthy in ricocheting anguish it jumps out of the display screen and owns you.
Wrongly RKAM has been interpreted as a potboiler. Sure, it brings collectively ‘substances’ from formulistic cinema in a single line of imaginative and prescient. The pyramid of drama and battle within the plot is constructed with meticulous care. The commodious materials is edited (by Manoj Kumar) leaving no room for superfluous moments.On this outstanding filmmaker’s opulent oeuvre RKAM stands tall for its decided stand on ‘burning points’. The characters specifically these performed by Amitabh Bachchan and Moushumi Chatterjee signify the rising cynicism of younger India in the direction of corrupt politics and politicians which thwart middle-class aspirations. And but the movie’s tone by no means will get cynical. Even when Bharat in sheer frustrations throws his commencement diploma into the funeral pyre we all know he’ll discover his out of the impasse. That’s the magic of cinema. We will hope and dream via struggling.
Manoj Kumar Speaks On Roti Kapada Aur Makaan:
“Once I was in Class eight a senior pupil named Dewan a faculty operate chanted, ‘Maang raha hai Hindustan roti kapada aur makaan. That’s the place the concept got here to me. Roti Kapada Aur Makaan stays up to date. The movie was impressed by a report in a newspaper in 1972. A younger graduate tore up his diploma in entrance of the vice-chancellor as quickly because it was given to him. That set me serious about levels and jobs. On the time once I made the movie it was thought-about a multi-starrer with Shashi Kapoor, Zeenat Aman, Moushumi Chatterjee and Amitabh Bachchan. However I don’t signal stars. I signal actors. Amit was not a star once I signed him. I met him on the units of my movie Sajan the place he was screen-tested. His household was identified to me. I used to be the primary filmmaker to supply him a task whereas he was nonetheless working in Kolkata in a non-public firm. Once I was capturing for 3 of my movies Purab Aur Pachchim, Yaadgaar and Pehchan he arrived in Mumbai . He signed some movies, however was changed. I bear in mind telling him at RajKamal studios to not return to Kolkata as a result of I had a really particular position for him. That’s how Roti Kapada Aur Makaan occurred in Amit’s profession.Zeenat Aman’s position was supplied to Sharmila Tagore. In actual fact Shor was a byproduct of Roti Kapada Aur Makaan. I used to be not meant to make Shor. However my firm’s PRO Gopal Pandey narrated a few of Moushumi Chatterjee’s scenes in Roti Kapada Aur Makaan to Sharmila, She insisted she’d play Moushumi’s moderately than Zeenat’s position. Due to Sharmila’s refusal to do Roti Kapada Aur Makaan I did Shor first. I used to be mendacity down on my charpoy on my farm in Delhi when the concept for Shor got here to me. Moushumi’s position.. I had seen her in Tarun Mazumdar’s Bengali movie Balika Badhu in Kolkata. She symbolized the rape of the widespread lady. As for the music the credit score goes to Laxmikant and his associate Pyarelal. Throughout composition my first precedence is sweet lyrics. The songs should take the story forward.I give the scenario to my composers to compose musically. I used to be in Hardwar with my youngsters as soon as once I heard Hai hai yeh majboori early morning at four am on the loudspeaker. I discovered that humorous. Sure ,Zeenat danced and I simply watched it.The irony of the scenario was Bharat couldn’t be part of her within the rain as a result of he needed to go for a job interview. Additionally, after Upkar and Purab Aur Pachchim the place I performed a patriotic idealist how might I be proven getting intimate with the heroine? Within the tradition that I come from males didn’t contact girls earlier than marriage. Belief me it was very arduous for me to not contact my heroine and nonetheless create romance. It was a nightmare.In Purab Aur Paschim Saira Banu performed a half-British woman. Wohto seedha pakad kar chummi le leti. It took all my willpower to guard the sanctity of my hero Bharat.”